Should You Use A Screen or Solid Bottom Board For Winter?

Introduction: As the crisp autumn air gives way to the chill of winter, beekeepers face crucial decisions in preparing their hives for the season ahead. One such decision revolves around the type of bottom board to use during winter. In this article, we’ll delve into the pros and cons of two popular options: screen bottom boards and solid bottom boards. By the end, you’ll have a better understanding of which one is the right choice to ensure the survival and well-being of your bee colony during the harsh winter months. Let’s explore the ins and outs of “Bottom Board for Winter.”

Screen Bottom Boards:

Ventilation Advantages:

Screen bottom boards, as the name suggests, have a ventilated design. This provides a crucial advantage during winter by allowing excess moisture to escape from the hive. Proper ventilation helps prevent condensation buildup, which can be detrimental to the bees.

Varroa Mite Control:

Screen bottom boards aid in varroa mite management. During winter, mites can hide within the hive. With a screen bottom board, some mites may fall through the screen and out of the hive, reducing the overall mite population.

Temperature Regulation:

These boards allow for better temperature regulation, preventing the hive from becoming too warm. Bees cluster to generate heat during winter, and excess warmth can cause them to consume their stored honey too quickly.

Solid Bottom Boards:

Cold Weather Insulation:

Solid bottom boards provide better insulation against the cold. They create a barrier between the hive and the frigid ground, helping to maintain a stable temperature within the hive.

Winter Hive Survival Strategies

Reduced Drafts:

Unlike screen boards, solid bottom boards reduce drafts within the hive. This minimizes heat loss and keeps the colony warmer during winter, potentially reducing honey consumption.

Protects Against Predators:

Solid boards offer added protection against predators, such as mice, that might try to enter the hive during winter in search of warmth and food.

Choosing the Right Bottom Board for Your Hive:

The decision between screen and solid bottom boards for winter ultimately depends on your local climate, hive setup, and management preferences. Some beekeepers even opt for reversible boards, allowing them to switch between screen and solid as the seasons change.

Consider the following factors when making your choice:


In colder climates with harsh winters, solid bottom boards may be a better choice to provide insulation. In milder climates, screen boards may be sufficient for ventilation.

Mite Management:

If you’re actively combating varroa mites, screen boards can be a valuable tool, especially if paired with other mite-fighting methods.

Varroa Mite Control with Screen Bottom Boards

Hive Health:

Monitor your hive regularly during winter regardless of the bottom board type. Ensure they have enough stored honey and that the bees are healthy.

Personal Preference:

Some beekeepers have had success with one type of board over the other due to their management style. Experimentation and observation may help you determine which works best for your specific situation.


The choice between a screen or solid bottom board for winter is an important one for beekeepers, impacting the health and survival of their colonies. Understanding the advantages and disadvantages of each type is crucial in making an informed decision. Remember that local climate, mite management, and personal preference should guide your choice. By carefully considering these factors, you can provide your bees with the best chance of thriving through the winter months.

For more tips on preparing your hive for winter, check out our article on how to wrap your hive for winter.